Types of sports injury in Knee joint include ligament injury, Meniscus (cushion) injury, cartilage injury, Knee cap (patella) instability, Avulsion fractures of ligament attachments etc.
Instability caused by Ligament injuries include cruciate ligament injury (ACL & PCL injury), Collateral ligament injury (MCL/LCL injury), PLC injury, MPFL (Knee cap ligament) injury etc.
Severe pain and locking of Knee joint is seen after Meniscus tear following a twisting episode more commonly during sports activities like football. Locking of knee joint is also seen with loose bodies of cartilage formed after trauma or degeneration.
Knee cap (patellar) instability is either due to inherent laxity or following trauma which needs surgical intervention if physiotherapy fails to restore normal function.
Majority of sports surgeries are done by Arthroscopic approach i.e. by video assisted endoscopic approach.
In arthroscopy, we do not need to cut open the joint. We make keyhole incisions to pass camera from one hole and instruments from another to perform the procedure.
Very few sports surgeries are done by open method.
Advantages of arthroscopic surgery are minimal surgical scar, shorter hospital stay, rapid recovery and faster rehabilitation programme.
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